Its name pays homage to Antonio Nariño, a precursor to Colombian Independence from Spain, which took place at the beginning of the XIX century. The region, under its current name, became autonomous at the beginning of the XX century.
The famous Inca Empire reached all the way down to southern Colombia. The topography in Nariño, allowed the region to become the northern border of the empire and its high mountains and canyons made it possible for the Incas to defend themselves from the population in the north more easily. Still proud of their past and of their culture, their history has made the people from Nariño famous for being independent and cultured.
As well as having Spanish ancestors, the current inhabitants of the region also ascend from a number of indigenous tribes such as the Quillacingas, the Pastos, the Sindaguas, the Nulpes, the Tumacos, the Abades and the Chapanchicas, who were strong warriors that battled with many armies.
Currently, Nariño is still an exotic destination, relatively far from the rest of the the country and surrounded by deep canyons and steep mountains that make for a landscape of many contrasts. Roads are still predominantly precarious and its communities tend to be distanced from the rest of the country because of the rugged topography.
Trade winds from the southern hemisphere in July and August often hinder planes arriving and leaving San Juan de Pasto airport in the region’s most important city. Nariño is probably one of Colombia’s most interesting tourist destinations as it is a patchwork of shades of green, brown and blue produced by small farms that make up its agricultural sector and spectacular sites such as the Laguna de La Cocha andSantuario de Las Lajas. From San Juan de Pasto, a city anchored in the heart of the Andes, one can travel towards the Valle del Sibundoy and the forests of Putumayo in the west and the Pacific Coast in the south, both of which house huge contrasts of cultural and biological diversity. The region is an incredible cradle for many Places of Interest.